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Amazing Ways of Your Digestive System's Functioning

Amazing Ways of Your Digestive System's Functioning

Every health-conscious person should know the structure and amazing ways of functioning of the Digestive System  The Digestive System is formed from the gastrointestinal tract and the liver, pancreas, and gallbladder. The Gastrointestinal(GI) Tract is also called the alimentary canal or Digestive Tract. 

The alimentary canal or G I tract may be a series of hollow organs joined in a long, twisting tube from the mouth to the anus. The hollow organs that structure the alimentary canal are the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, the large intestine, and anus. 

The liver, pancreas, and gallbladder are the solid organs of the digestive system. Let us explain the structure of the Digestive System before stepping forward to the Amazing Ways of its functioning.

ways of functioning of Digestive System
Digestive Tract. Image Credit-Wikipedia

The small intestine consists of 3 parts -duodenum, jejunum, ileum. The primary part is named the duodenum, the middle part is the jejunum, and the ileum is at the end. The large intestine includes the appendix, cecum, colon, and rectum. 

The appendix is a finger-shaped pouch attached to the cecum. The cecum is the 1st part of the large intestine. The next part is the colon which includes 3 parts-transverse colons, ascending colon, and descending colon.
The rectum is the end of the large intestine. Each part of  the GI tract work together as a team and contribute to the process of digestion of the food
you eat and the liquid you drink every day.

Who is the Leader of the Team?

Did You know the name of  Gut Flora or Gut Microbiota? Gut Flora itself is a team of bacteria that leads the other participants in the digestion process. These are the Bacteria live in the digestive tract of humans, 300-500 kinds of gut bacteria are present. 

Yes, bacteria present in your G I tract pay a leading role in the process of digestion along with the nervous system, circulatory system, your blood, your hormones, and the organs of your digestive system help do digest the food you eat and the other kind of liquids including the water you drink daily.

Why do you eat foods or drink liquids each day?

Many people say they feel hungry or thirsty that's why they eat or drink every day. Feeling hungry or thirsty may is not the real reason to intake food or drink. These are the signals alarming you that your body is going to leave you unless you provide the nutrients it needs.

Your body is made of cells. Cells are the fundamental constructing blocks of all living creatures. The human body is composed of around 30 trillion cells. The cell provides the shape of your body, takes nutrients from food and converts them into energy, and performs many specialized functions. 

Therefore, eating and drinking are essential to provide for the needs of your body. Your body needs nutrients that come from the food you eat and the liquids you drink every day. Nutrients come from balanced food consisting of Carbohydrates, fat, protein, vitamin, minerals, fiber, and water. 

The Method Of Working of Your Digestive System.

As we take balanced food to keep each part of our body healthy it is important to digest the food we eat. your digestive system breaks the food into very small parts so that your body can absorb it easily. 

It breaks Protein into small parts called an amino acid, fats into fatty acid carbohydrates into glucose, and so on. 

Each part of your body breaks down food into smaller parts and helps move those parts to the GI tract. From these small parts, your body starts absorbing nutrients and helps to move to the required destination. Nerves and hormones control the whole process of digestion. The large intestine absorbs water. The unnecessary portion of food(waste) becomes stool.

Amazing Process Of Digestion And The Role Of the Organs.

Mouth (chewing)๐Ÿ ž Esophagus (peristalsis) ๐Ÿ žStomach (digestive juice)๐Ÿ žSmall Intestine (peristalsis)๐Ÿ ž  large Intestine (peristalsis).

NotePeristalsis is the movement of organ walls in the GI Tract. Peristalsis moves food and liquid through the Digestive Tract and mixes the contents of the food in each organ of the digestive tract.

Movement Of Food In amazing Ways Through The Digestive Tract

Mouth๐Ÿ ž  Esophagus ๐Ÿ ž  LES ๐Ÿ ž  Stomach ๐Ÿ ž  Small intestine๐Ÿ ž  .Large intestine๐Ÿ ž  Rectum

Note-LES=Lower Esophageal Sphincter


Foods begin to pass through the GI tract as soon as you start eating. As you swallow, your tongue pushes the food into your throat and a small flap of tissue, known as the epiglottis, folds over your windpipe to prevent suffocation and the food enters your esophagus.


Once you start swallowing, the esophageal process becomes automatic.

Lower Esophageal Sphincter.

As the food reaches your esophagus, a ring-like muscle called the sphincter in the lower esophagus relaxes and allows food to enter your stomach. This sphincter is usually closed to prevent what is in your stomach from returning to your esophagus.


As soon as food enters your stomach, the abdominal muscles mix food and fluids with the digestive juices. The stomach slowly empties a substance called chime into your small intestine.

Small intestine.

The function of the small intestine muscles is to mix food with digestive juices from the pancreas, liver, and intestines, and to advance the mixture for further digestion. The walls of the small intestine absorb water and digestive nutrients into your bloodstream. The waste products of the digestive process move into the large intestine as peristalsis continues.

Large Intestine.

The large intestine absorbs water and converts waste derived from the undigested portion of food, fluids, and unknown parts of old cells into the stool. Peristalsis helps move stool into your rectum.


The lower end of your large intestine is called the rectum which holds the stool until it pushes out from your anus during bowel movements.

The Amazing ways Breaking The Foods Into Small Elements in the Digestive Tract.

As food moves through your GI tract, digestive organs break the food into smaller portions with the help of motion, such as chewing, squeezing, and mixing digestive juices, like stomach acid, bile, and enzymes, etc. Here is the path-

Mouth๐Ÿ ž  Esophagus ๐Ÿ ž    Stomach ๐Ÿ ž Pancreas ๐Ÿ žLiver ๐Ÿ žGallbladder ๐Ÿ ž Small intestine๐Ÿ ž  .Large intestine๐Ÿ ž


Your digestion process starts from the mouth. Your salivary glands produce saliva, the digestive juices that moisten food so it travels more easily through your esophagus to your stomach and its enzymes begin to break down your food starch.


After you swallow, peristalsis pushes food from your esophagus into your stomach.


The lining glands in your stomach make stomach acids and enzymes that break down food. Your abdominal muscles mix food with these digestive juices.


Your pancreas makes a digestive juice that contains enzymes the enzyme breaks down carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. The pancreas supplies digestive juices to the small intestine through small tubes called ducts.


The function of your liver is to make a digestive juice called bile which helps in the digestion of certain fats and vitamins. The bile ducts carry bile to your liver for storage from the gallbladder or to the small intestine.


The bile in the food stores your gallbladder. The role of your gallbladder is that when you eat and it constricts the bile through the bile ducts in your small intestine.

Small intestine.

Your small intestine makes digestive juices and mixes them with bile and pancreatic juices to complete the breakdown of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. 

Besides, the bacteria in your small intestine make some of the enzymes you need to digest carbohydrates. 

Your small intestine helps break down food by absorbing water from nutrients and transferring water from the bloodstream to the GI tract.

Large intestine.

Bacteria in your large intestine help break down residual nutrients and create and vitamin K. Still it holds waste products in bulk quantity as a stool.

You have learned a lot about the ways of the function of your digestive system. It is time to make a plan to keep your digestive system strong and healthy.

Related Post: Why Should You Add Fiber To Your Diet




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