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How to Cultivate Spirulina in Your Area

How To Cultivate Spirulina In Your Area.

Cultivate Spirulina in your area as it is the best food in the world. Spirulina is an extract of blue-green algae and is used worldwide as a food product and a dietary supplement. 

Spirulina becoming popular day by day because of its food value that contains high protein, essential amino acids, and rich in beta carotene, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants and is considered perfectly balanced food.

Spirulina is available in various forms, such as spirulina tablets, capsule, chocolate, spirulina chikki, and many other types of food mixed with rice, sesame, jaggery, etc. 

Many pieces of research have shown the increasing trend of spirulina farms all around the world. According to the study, spirulina cultivation in India and its distribution is also growing fast.

Spirulina has a significantly high protein that contains approximately 60% to 70% protein by dry weight and rich with various essential amino acids, iron, vitamin B12, gamma-linolenic acid. 

It has other important micronutrients and is claimed to be nontoxic nutritious food with exceptional properties.

Because of its balanced mix of various components, spirulina is called a superfood. Spirulina improves physical growth as well as cognitive development and helps prevent many diseases. 

Since it has almost zero side effects with lots of health benefits, many corporate houses are involved in its cultivation and marketing.

Amazing facts of Spirulina.👇

👉 NASA and MELISSA recommended spirulina as one of the primary foods to be cultivated during long-term space missions. 

👉 Nutrients value of 1gram of spirulina is equivalent to 100g of spinach or carrots and 1 kg of other vegetables. 

 👉 Spirulina is very easy to digest. as spirulina has no cell wall. 

 👉Spirulina helps in fighting HIV/AIDS.

👉The algae grow in solutions of particular minerals with correct chemical balance and a pH of 8-11.

👉For Spirulina to grow adequately, a minimum of 20˚C is required but a temperature of 35-37˚C is ideal.

👉Spirulina Can be produced locally, Madurai in Tamilnadu (India) is an example. 

👉Spirulina is Cheap to produce. Considering the food value spirulina price is low in the market.
👉 Cultivation of spirulina involves simple technology and locally available materials.
 
👉Spirulina requires much less water to grow than vegetables. 

👉Spirulina Can be combined with other products to get healthy and tasty food. 

👉Spirulina is very safe because of its resistant to most contamination due to highly alkaline property.

👉The estimated production cost per kg of spirulina is 5-7 euros approx.




Healthy Spirulina Farming in India presented by edumediawellness.
Healthy Spirulina Farming in India. Image source- akvopedia.


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Equipment and other
Materials Required to cultivate spirulina for a Small farm

  • Flask of live spirulina
  • Tank -as per availability of space
  • An electric mini-pump – 220V, 5-7W
  • 1000L of culture medium (fertilizer and mineral salts dissolved in drinking water)
  • Measuring tools – thermometer, Secchi disk, litmus paper, etc
  • Harvesting equipment
  • Extruder, dryer
  • Air compressors, such as aquarium ones.
  • 2 polyethylene sheets -2mm thick.
  • 4 frames
  • 3 bars (metal/bamboo, etc.)
  • Bricks, breeze blocks, packed earth, or planks for walls

How To Build up the Walls

Build up30cm height is required with packed earth, bricks, or planks. Which material to be used depends upon the weather conditions, and other factors. 

Cover the sides and the bottom with one polyethylene sheet. Create a temporary compartment (200L) to produce spirulina needed to seed the whole tank. 

Reinforce the walls with metal/bamboo frames and cover with a second plastic sheet.

Spirulina chikki distribution among the children
Distribution of Spirulina chikki. Image source akvopedia

.


"In Madurai, in India, the Spirulina Production Research and Training Center[SPRTC] uses the power of spirulina for combating malnutrition among rural children and empower women through this blue-green alga cultivation".---The Algonauts Project

D Arthi is the production in-charge person Of  Spirulina Production Research and Training Center -SPRTC, Madurai of Tamilnadu, district. SPRTC is a unit of Antenna Green Trust.

According to Arthi -"In the production unit, we are having 700 square meters of a production area.
Here we are having like a Tarpaulin Malak off-tank because it is a pure NGO model, we can detach from one place to another place. Each tank is having a size of 3mx6m, 18m 2 tank".

D.Arthi-incharge-of-spirulina-cultivation-firm-SPRTC
Cultivate Spirulina in your area like D.Arthi.
Image credit algonauts.org.



Arthi described the workforce and working hours in her own style-

"About 12 women are working on our production site. One lady can manage 3 tanks. Every day they will come at around 7 am in the morning and do the harvesting work. In each tank, it is about 4000L, exactly 3600L of culture is there in each tank. That is about 20cm in depth. Every day we can harvest, we can take out some of the quantity, that’s called harvesting."

"We are having a special cloth called mesh cloth. We use that cloth, 350µm or 400µm or 450µm, (that is up to the size of spirulina, we can change). Using the mesh cloth, we pour the culture through the filter, we can filter only spirulina and the remaining medium will go again mixing to the culture" -Arthi said.

The process of cultivation is simple but amazing, As she explained-
"Every day, we can harvest spirulina, about 1/4th quantity of the culture. In 3600L we are taking out 900L. From that 900L, whatever quantity it has, like 2kg, or 2,5kg, or 3kg of wet mass we can take it out."

She continued to say.
"It is like a green color thick duff like, so it’s called slurry. That slurry is again washed with pure water, filtered water because we are maintaining spirulina in a very alkaline medium so when it comes out it will have some other nutrients too, we have to wash it properly. Then, after washing, we will dry it in the food-grade polyethylene sheds. We spread it in a very thin way so that in photo pyrolysis, it will get well dry. We are doing harvesting in the early morning because we have to dry within a day."

Hope you got primary information on how to cultivate spirulina in your house.

Conclusion

If you think this much knowledge is insufficient to set up a spirulina firm, you need further study, I am giving here some references and links to other contents I have published on edumediawelleness.

 Many articles, books are available on the internet, you should read to gain more knowledge. Investing time to learn is the best asset for you.  We have published a few videos on edumedia's youtube channel on the topic Spirulina. 

Disclaimer: 
Before use, please consult your doctor. This content is for educational purposes and provides information that may not be accurate or updated. We don't' recommend or advise to use it and do not accept any legal or financial claim. Please read the terms and conditions and disclaimer policy to know more.

References
2. Akvopedia

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