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How To Boost Immune System that Keeps You Healthy

How To Boost Immune System that Keeps You Healthy.

Immune systems are made of cells, tissues, and organs that protect our body against diseases caused by pathogens or germs like bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, and other harmful substances. 

Strong Immune systems can fight against these harmful substances, neutralize them, and remove them from the body. It is essential to boost the immune system to survive and keep you healthy.

1. Abstract

This article will help to understand the meaning of the immune system, different types and parts of the immune system, and their functions. It will exhibit various immunity boosters and healthy ways to boost your immunity power naturally.

2. What is the immune system?

✅The immune system means the systems of organs and body that give resistance to infections, toxins, parasites, germs, or any foreign particles. 

✅Organs comprise the thymus, bone marrow, and lymph, etc. The immune system is a self-defense system of a body containing many biological arrangements and processes within a body that protects against disease. 

3. Different components and parts of the Immune System


Boost Immune System to Stay You Healthy
Boost Immunity, Stay Healthy. Image credit-Wikipedia


The principal parts of the immune system that works as security of your body are listed below.

  • Lymphatic vessels
  • Lymph nodes
  • Thymus
  • Spleen
  • Bone marrow
  • Appendix
  • Tonsils
  • Adenoid
  • Peyer's patches

✅All of these parts of your immune system actively fight against infections, injuries, and diseases caused by harmful substances.

4. Functions of the Immune System
✅The basic functions of an immune system include the detection of a wide diversity of germs, known as pathogens, and differentiate them from the body's own healthy organs or tissues. 
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✅When the immune system detects any harmful germs or pathogens in your body it starts an immune response. The immune system then releases antibodies that connect to antigens in the pathogens and destroy them.

✅Two Types of Immune System -The immune system is divided into two categories or subsystems-A.Innate the immune system B. Adaptive immune system. 

A. Innate immunity

✅Innate immunity response refers to a non-specific or non-self defense system that takes effect immediately as soon as a pathogen enters your body and the process is activated by the presence of antigens and their chemical elements.

✅The innate immunity system is the first line of defense against pathogens. The innate immunity system includes physical barriers such as skin, Skin, hair, cough, mucous membranes, phagocytes, blood cells, etc. A variety of white blood cells are involved in this process.

✅This system confers short-term immunity against a pathogen. The innate immune system is the principal system of host defense in most components.
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✅Characteristics of the Innate immune system are summarised below.
  • Response is non-specific
  • Composed of leukocytes
  • Exposure leads to immediate maximal response 
  • Cell-mediated and humoral components
  • No immunological memory
  • Observed in nearly all forms of life.

B.  Adaptive immunity

✅The second line of defense is an adaptive immune system. The adaptive immune response is specific to the pathogen It is also referred to as acquired immunity or specific immunity, The adaptive immunity response is only found in vertebrates. 

✅The adaptive immune system depends on fewer cells to perform its functions, specifically  B cells, and T cells are involved in this process.

✅B cells and T cells are lymphocytes derived from a type of stem cell called hematopoietic stem cells in the bone marrow, which requires time to mature and become active after they are being formed. 

✅The adaptive system takes a long time to become active compared to the innate immune response. This mechanism is much more complicated than the innate immune system.

✅ Characteristics of the adaptive immune system

  • Pathogen and antigen-specific response
  • Composed of antigens, B cells, T cells
  • The lag time between exposure and maximal response
  • Cell-mediated and humoral components
  • Exposure leads to immunological memory
  • Observed only in jawed vertebrates

5. Disorders of the immune system

Disorders of the immune system mean refers to the immunity system that is not working in a normal way- it may be underactive or overactive and both can result in diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus, inflammatory diseases, even cancer.

A. Immunodeficiency

✅Immunodeficiency refers to poor immune function. Immunodeficiencies occur when some of the components of the immune system are inactive. In other words, when the immune system is less active than normal it is called immunodeficiency

✅The causes of immunodeficiency may be a genetic disease or the use of immunosuppressive medicines. 

Malnutrition, alcoholism, and drug use are some of the common causes of poor immune function. Immunodeficiency may result in various types of infections which may be recurring and life-threatening.

B. Autoimmunity 

✅Another kind of immune dysfunction is the autoimmune disorders that occur due to overactive immune responses. In this situation, the immune system fails to differentiate between "self" and " non-self" and as a result, it invades part of the body. 

✅In other words, autoimmunity occurs from a hyperactive immune system invading normal tissues as if they were foreign bodies. Very often many T cells and antibodies react with "self" particles.
Usual autoimmune diseases include lupus erythematosus., rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus, etc.

6. Why the immune system needs to be boosted?

✅Your immune system does a striking role in protecting you against disease-causing pathogens. But very often it fails and then a germ invades you that makes you sick. 

✅Despite the immune system plays an important role in defending you against infections and disease-causing microorganisms the smart pathogens can develop and adapt quickly and thus can avoid detection and neutralization by the existing immune system.

✅Multiple immune mechanisms have to be developed to detect and neutralize adaptive pathogens.

✅Did you know that bacteria also have their own immune system in the form of enzymes that protect against bacteriophage infections? 

✅That's all because coronavirus has taught us how important is a strong immune system to fight against the virus.

✅All the countries in the world are looking at when and where the vaccine will be made, why?
How do the vaccines work against the virus?

✅The vaccine will build up immunity in the human body so that even if the virus enters the body, it cannot cause any infection or disease. Vaccination is also called immunization. 

✅The center part behind introducing an antigen from a pathogen to stimulate the immune system and strengthen specific immunity against that particular pathogen without causing disease connected with that organism.

✅Deliberate incorporation of the immune response is successful because it exploits the natural uniqueness of the immune system.

7. How can you improve your immune system?

✅You don't have to work hard to strengthen your immune system. You can increase your immunity power by making small adjustments to your lifestyle. Plenty of immune boosters are available in nature.

✅Eating habits, exercise, psychological stress, etc. affect your immune response. Healthy-life strategies are a great way to start boosting your immune system.

✅Add immunity booster food and drinks to your diet, start moderate exercise regularly, and give up alcohol and harmful drugs, maintain cleanness-these are secret tips to protect you from infection and keep you healthy.

Further Reading:


8. Bottom Lines

✅The coronavirus has killed millions of people, health workers sacrificing their lives to heal people. Scientists are working hard to find a vaccine.

✅However, immune-boosting by a vaccine is the last stage. Before that, ordinary people like you and me should boost the immune system naturally to stay healthy.

You may be interested in reading the Metabolism Booster.

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References:

1. Wikipedia

2. NDTV

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