Diabetes: the Silent Killer-Causes, Symptoms, and Types.
Diabetes mellitus or diabetes is a hormone-related disease that occurs when your body either fails to produce insulin or incompetent to utilize insulin properly. Diabetes occurs when glucose or sugar in your blood is very high. Diabetes is often called the silent killer.
Before you read the causes, symptoms, and types of diabetes, you need to understand the relationship between the pancreas, insulin, and glucose.
The pancreas is basically an organ in your digestive system located behind the stomach. The pancreas is made up of two types of cell-acinar cells also known as alpha cells and islets cells also known as beta cells.
The pancreas produces enzymes to break down the foods you eat and release hormones like glucagon and insulin to regulate blood glucose.
Insulin is a hormone secreted by beta cells in the pancreas to control the glucose in your bloodstream. When you intake a meal, its carbohydrate component is broken down into glucose that entered into your bloodstream.
Glucose is the broken down portion carbohydrate components of the food you eat. It is the main source of energy for your body.
According to Wikipedia- ''As of 2019, an estimated 463 million people had diabetes worldwide (8.8% of the adult population), with type 2 diabetes making up about 90% of the cases. Rates are similar in women and men".
As per trends, it seems that the rates will continue to increase. Diabetes increases the risk of early death. In 2019, diabetes resulted in around 4.2 million deaths and that is the 7th leading cause of death globally.
Causes of Diabetes
Symptoms of Diabetes
- Augmented thirst-polydipsia
- Repeated urination-polyuria
- Increased appetite -polyphagia
- Undefined weight loss
- Cardiovascular illness
- Chronic kidney disorder
- Foot sores
- Injury to the nerves
- Problems to the eyes
- Skin disease
- Abdominal pain
- Deep breathing
- Low level of consciousness